Why we need to talk about occupational science as well as occupational therapy

This is a repost, first posted in May 2017 at Be a Happy Mom

Occupational therapy celebrates 100 years in the USA this year, and 100 years in the UK in 2019.  I’m from the UK and look forward to learning more about the history of occupational therapy in my country and celebrating all we’ve achieved and our vision for the future.  I urge you to find out your country’s occupational therapy history and vision for the future, promote this and celebrate! Even if occupational therapy is fairly new in your country, your country will have an interesting occupational therapy history.


Earlier this year my bog What is occupational therapy? went viral with nearly 40,000 views and over 20,000 Facebook shares I found myself at the forefront of promoting occupational therapy.  This is not something I had set out to do, but having been catapulted into that position I tried to circulate the post more because occupational therapists and others around the world seemed to relate to my explanations of occupational therapy.

Ours is the only profession that promotes meaningful engagement in every day activities, and I believe it is vital that we retain that identity and can articulate why we are the best profession to do that.  In the UK, promotion of occupational therapy largely focuses on our role within the National Health Service (NHS). Essentially, this amounts to attempting to reduce NHS costs by either keeping people out of hospital, or facilitating speedier discharges from hospital. In any case the promotion of our role appears to be mainly concerned with saving the National Health Service (NHS) money and keeping people out of hospital.

But, I believe, we have a far more profound role in preventative health and supporting people to live well.  As occupational therapists we know that our occupations keep us well, give us meaning in life, and motivate us to get up in the morning.  Science backs this up. Further, neuroscience research now suggests that occupation has the power to distract us from pain and anxiety.


But other professionals seem to be making claims about the positive effect of occupations like gardening, singing and art and crafts etc.  When these things are shared on social media there is often a comment added along the lines of ‘great, but I wish it had been an occupational therapist that did it’.  In the media others appear to be writing and taking credit for the work that occupational therapists practice day to day.  For example

Dr Tamlin Connor  a psychologist and lead study author for research printed in the Journal of Positive Psychology into the effect on well being after participating in arts and crafts states:

“Engaging in creative behaviour leads to increases in well-being the next day, and this increased well-being is likely to facilitate creative activity on the same day.

“Overall, these findings support the emerging emphasis on everyday creativity as a means of cultivating positive psychological functioning.”

We know this: it is our bread and butter.  But we need to make sure other people know.

We all know occupational therapy is hard to explain as it is so broad and varied, but we owe our colleagues around the world and the colleagues coming after us to do this. Lets make it easy for ourselves – we just have to explain our role, not all the possibilities of positions and work places for occupational therapy, lets keep it simple for us and our audience.  As an occupational therapist I question: 1) what’s the difficulty? 2) why is it a difficulty? 3) how can life be made better? 4) what can we do about it?

Can you base your explanation around this?


We need to start being confident explaining occupational science too.  I feel it’s an historical problem for us that occupational therapy came first and then the science: occupational science came much later.  We’re playing catch up, we’re only 100 years old (in USA) and we knew we were on to something before we had the science and the evidence base. Medics took over 2500 years to get their evidence base together. Occupational science was named in 1989.  As an analogy, if evidence for medicine has been around for one hour, occupational science has been here for 30 seconds.

For every person that doesn’t know what occupational therapy is there are probably many more who have never heard of occupational science.  It’s new and it’s exciting, so lets be loud and proud about explaining the value of occupational therapy and it’s underpinning in occupational science.  We have the evidence, there is much more to us and our profession than ‘feeling good when we do a hobby’.

If other professionals don’t know what we do then our holistic and creative practice and professional integrity is at stake.  The more other professionals understand what we do the more likely we are to get more referrals, get more funding and prevent other professionals encroaching on our work.

So I urge you to get confident explaining your understanding of occupational science and your role as an occupational therapist so we can promote the profession and protect are uniqueness.

Go and add to our history: tell somebody today what you do and the science behind it.




7 thoughts on “Why we need to talk about occupational science as well as occupational therapy

  1. Having been an occupational therapist for 50 years I have definitely seen many changes p, positive and nit positive, especially in the area of professions copying each other’s specialties or previous specialties: art therapy, straight exercises (PT), etc. My daughter just called me to say an ergonomics assessment was done at her workplace; she is developing carpal tunnel syndrome. But it was done by a physical therapist. So there is still a long ways to go.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks for your comment, I bet you have seen many changes over your 50 year career and changed many lives for the better. I think you are right there is still a long way to go with promoting what we do, but at least we now have a global community promoting the same messages across the world.


  2. This is such a good post! As an OT currently home with kids I see this a lot in the arena of providing “activities” for kids – breaking down the different developmental benefits of each activity… as an OT this comes inherently to me and I wish people could understand our specific training in activity analysis in regards to this! Great post, has given mealot to think about.

    Liked by 1 person

      1. Yes indeed! And you’ve prompted me to publish a post explaining what an OT does… have linked back your post… thanks!

        Liked by 1 person

      2. Good one, you’ll always be a trained occupational therapist regardless of if you are a registered one! Sounds like you are applying your skills daily and will always think like an occupational therapist!


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